This Dashboard was designed in partnership with local leaders and the University of Washington to help the Okanogan County community understand factors that often influence the economy after recessions, and assist community leaders in decision-making as they support recovery efforts and distribute resources.

This dashboard displays key, community-level data connected to five unique factors that influence economic change:

1. Previous Poverty
2. Loss in Revenue & Income
3. Access to Government Intervention
4. Dependence on Direct Assistance & Public Sector Employment
5. Spread of COVID-19

Recovery Indicator 1: Previous Poverty

Low- and middle-income households tend to spend (rather than save) more of their income than higher-income households. Communities with high concentrations of low- and middle-income households often do not have sufficient spending power to drive market demand and assist in recession recovery. Sources: Hertz T. Rural Employment Trends in Recession and Recovery. U S Dep Agric. 2014; Economic Research Report Number 172:38. Bivens J. Inequality is slowing U.S. economic growth: Faster wage growth for low- and middle-wage workers is the solution. Economic Policy Institute. Published December 12, 2017.

Recovery Indicator 2: Loss In Revenue & Income

Reductions in revenue and household income leave residents and others with less money to spend in local economies. In addition to losing income because of unemployment, individuals may be more likely to compromise on pay and work to simply remain employed during a recession, which leads to losses in earning across time. Hanauer A. Ohio’s economy no longer fully recovers after recessions. Economic Policy Institute. Published May 23, 2019. Kalleberg Al, Von Wachter TM. The U.S. Labor Market During and After the Great Recession: Continuities and Transformations. Russell Sage Found J Soc Sci RSF. 2017;3(3):1-19. doi:10.7758/rsf.2017.3.3.01

Social service and utility providers in Okanogan County reported a substantial and sustained increase in rental and utility assistance requests in 2020. For additional tools on changes in economic activity, see Washington State’s Economic Recovery Dashboard (hyperlink:, and the Near Real-Time COVID-19 Income and Poverty Dashboard (hyper link: developed by multiple research partners. Citations: Economic Recovery Dashboard. Washington State Department of Commerce. Published 2020. COVID-19 Poverty Dashboard – Poverty Measurement. Published 2020.

Recovery Indicator 3: Access To Government Intervention

Cash and other forms of assistance help households and small businesses cover their typical, recurring expenses during periods of sustained underemployment or unemployment. Without this financial intervention, families will spend less in their local economy and increasingly rely on non-crisis-specific government support (e.g. subsidized housing, food benefits). Bhutta N, Blair J, Dettling L, Moore K. COVID-19, the CARES Act, and Families’ Financial Security. Natl Tax J. 2020;73(3):645-672. doi:10.17310/ntj.2020.3.02 Page KR, Venkataramani M, Beyrer C, Polk S. Undocumented U.S. Immigrants and Covid-19. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(21):e62. doi:10.1056/NEJMp2005953 Babayan M. Investments Today Can Lead to Better Health Tomorrow. Wash State Budg Policy Cent. Published online July 2020.

Undocumented individuals are excluded from some existing and COVID-specific safety net programs that are designed to buffer households from substantial income loss. Communities with large undocumented populations are less likely to receive the government intervention resources they need.

Recovery Indicator 4: Dependence On Direct Assistance & Public Sector Employment

States are likely to enact spending cuts in times of recession, these cuts often include layoffs in public sector employment, tuition increases, and reduction in public services. States also often experience higher enrollment in general public support systems, which further strains their budget. The State spending cuts risk leaving households with reduced income and wage supplements. Leachman M, McNichol E. Pandemic’s Impact on State Revenues Less Than Earlier Expected But Still Severe. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. Published October 30, 2020. Accessed February 18, 2021. Gordon T. State and Local Budgets and the Great Recession. Brookings. Published December 31, 2012. Rosewicz B, Maciag M. Nearly All States Suffer Declines in Education Jobs. The Pew Charitable Trusts. Published November 10, 2020. Bartik T. A proposal for timely, responsive federal aid to state and local governments during the pandemic recession. Research Highlights. Upjohn Institute. Published April 20, 2020.

For data on Childcare in Okanogan County, visit Citation: Washington CCDC. Child Care Aware® of America. Published 2021.